Race today is often presented as a social construct. But social constructions, as Black people know all too well, can create real existential crises. Philosophers of the Black Experience writing during the Modern Era of the African American Freedom Struggle (1896-1975) engaged questions of freedom, existence, and the struggles associated with the experiences of being Black in America.
How do we teach humanities to STEM students in a time of increasing suspicion about the goodness of technology?
By: David O. Monda Reverend Martin Luther King reminded humanity that the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice. The Chinese state that the journey of 1000 miles begins with the first step. The conviction of Derek Chauvin is only the beginning police reform. Police reform is an issue which has been debated for a long time in the United States. Several commissions have been instituted over the years to quell riots against police brutality in Detroit, Watts, Chicago, and New York. The Kerner and McCone Commissions did not stop the inhumane treatment of Rodney King. They did not stop the deaths of Atatiana Jefferson, Breonna Taylor, Amadou Diallo or more recently George Floyd. This begs the question, why is police reform such a difficult goal to achieve? The root of the challenge is the 18,000 police jurisdictions that take direction from the state rather than the federal government. Because of the federal constitutional order of government in America, policing is considered a reserved function of the states under the 10th Amendment. The dilemma with an issue like police reform is it gets caught up in the politics of federal mandates coming into conflict with
By: Carl Boggs At this particular juncture of history, fraught with new dangers and new challenges, it is time for humanity (or crucial sectors of it) to being exploring the intersection between politics and ecology, between the requirements for radical change and unprecedented challenges posed by the global crisis. For many reasons, this dialectic has rarely been addressed, even among progressives and leftists. One dimension of this failure – central to the key arguments that follow – is the declining relevance of the Marxist tradition, in all of its variants, to provide intellectual substance for any future anti-system politics. The extreme gravity of what humanity now faces – not only global warming but a world of shrinking natural resources and drastic food shortages – means that time for creating a viable strategy is running out. The problem worsens once the momentous tasks at hand are taken into account: a revitalized politics, sustainable economic development, popular shifts in both cultural behavior and natural relations. Sadly, in the world to date we encounter no movements, parties, or governments that even remotely meet this challenge. For at least a century after the deaths of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels – that is, the
What exactly is freedom of speech? And what does it permit us to say?
By: Holly Barrow Across the West, individualism has long been considered a pillar of democracy and liberty. Individualism - which prioritises autonomy, independence, and personal freedom over the broader needs of society as a whole - often goes hand in hand with neoliberalism. As a more recent ideology, neoliberalism has served to heighten individualistic culture, stressing greater individual responsibility and undermining solidarity. In the UK and the US, where neoliberalism is arguably most rigorous, this self-serving ideology has thrived. Neoliberalism insists that we are all responsible for our personal well-being; it breeds a culture of ‘each man for himself’, detaching us from any sense of communal cooperation and collective responsibility. For decades, neoliberalism has determinedly chipped away and reduced the role of the state in our lives, instead asserting that deregulation, privatization, and ‘the market’ are vital to a free society. George Monbiot writes that neoliberalism views competition as the defining characteristic of human relations; it defines citizens as consumers and promotes the facade of meritocracy - that each person will succeed and reap rewards if only they work hard. In direct contrast are those nations and societies which practice a collectivist culture, viewing each person as part of a